International trade is now widely acknowledged as an important engine of growth in most developing and transition economies. The recent ministerial meetings of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have further demonstrated the importance of international trade and investment flows, with many developing economies joining hands to vigorously defend their interests in this area. While countries need to actively engage in negotiations with others to create a favourable international environment, each must also ensure that its domestic environment is favourable to trade development. This course is targeted mainly at officials from ministries in charge of trade who need to acquire a basic understanding of trade finance and the importance of trade finance infrastructure development. It includes an overview of trade finance methods and instruments and related legal issues and conventions. The course also features an introduction to structured trade and commodity finance, a method to assess and monitor the national trade finance environment and a simple model of national trade finance institutional structure. Payment system issues and the emergence of e-trade finance are also addressed in separate modules. The key question this course will address is: How can the public and private sector work together to facilitate the flow of international trade and investment which fuels growth and economic development?