Conflict resolution is the set of methods and approaches used to facilitate the peaceful de-escalation and termination of a conflict. Defined broadly, it may include democratisation or even development. Indeed, political participation through democratic processes may be a method to avoid conflict in the first place or at least to ensure the fair treatment of the causes of the conflict. Alternatively, conflict resolution can be defined more narrowly to refer solely to those efforts undertaken to resolve conflicts directly through communication (negotiation, mediation, peace conference, diplomacy, etc.).
The course explores traditional and alternative techniques in conflict resolution with a narrow focus on activities which directly aim at resolving international conflicts through communication. The course explores existing conflict and conflict resolution theories, methods and practices relevant for the resolution of conflicts in which United Nations peace operations are deployed.
At the end of the course, participants will be able to:
- Relate different options for conflict resolution to a specific conflict
- Examine the use of the main diplomatic tracks in a specific conflict
- Propose mediation or negotiation strategy to a specific conflict
- Recommend on the involvement of international and regional organizations in conflict resolution initiatives
- The course takes place over 5 weeks with an average of 8 hours workload per week.