This course serves as an introduction to central banking and monetary policy. We, the public, accept as money (M): notes and coins (N and C) and bank deposits (BD). In other words we accept N and C and BD as the means of payments / medium of exchange. Because we do, we place banks in a unique situation: the major part of their liabilities is BD; therefore they are able to create BD simply by making loans. Because banks are in competition with one another their creditworthiness checks on customers are not always sober, banks are inherently unstable.
This means the public need an entity to monitor the banks and to curb excessive money creation: a central bank. Excessive money creation causes inflation and inflation management by the public (i.e. hedging) diverts attention away from productive behaviour; this is not conducive for economic output and welfare. Central banking is not just about monetary policy. It is also about being banker and advisor to government and managing the money and banking system. All the functions of the central bank are the major inputs into an ultimate objective: financial stability.
At the end of the course, the participants should be able to:
- Discuss the context of central banking;
- Explain details behind the function: banker and advisor to government;
- Describe the details of the function: management of the money and banking system;
- Elucidate money creation and the framework of monetary policy; and
- Discuss the models of monetary policy and the transmission mechanism.
Content and Structure
The course consists of the following modules:
- Module I: Essence of central banking
- Module II: Banker and advisor to government
- Module III: Management of money and banking system
- Module IV: Money creation and framework of monetary policy
- Module V: Monetary policy: models and transmission
In order to ensure the best possible outreach, the course will be delivered through e-learning. Through a multiple-instructional setting, the goal is to achieve the learning objectives by means of learning technologies that match personal learning styles and by the inclusion of non-linear learning that aims at the development of just-in-time skills of adult learners.
At the same time, in order to allow participants maximum flexibility of scheduling, the learning will be conducted in an asynchronous manner. Using a state-of-the-art training architecture, UNITAR will combine self-learning with assessments and online discussions. The pedagogy - adapted specifically to professionals in full-time work - will help train participants through various experiences: absorb (read); do (activity); interact (socialize); reflect (relate to one’s own reality).
This course is targeted to officials of government ministries and agencies directly involved in financial market matters such as central banks, state banks (such as development banks), and state representatives of securities exchanges and staff members of financial market-related supervising agencies. Private sector participants such as bank and other financial intermediary employees, members of exchanges / broker-dealers, will also benefit from this course.